Insects

Insects have a hard outer skin that protects their bodies called an exoskeleton. Most insects have wings, antennae and three body parts: head, thorax, and abdomen.

Insects are the world's most plentiful animal. There are more species of insects than of any other animal.

 

Cricket Project

Every third grader will be given two crickets to care for and observe until the school year ends. Details about what the crickets need to remain healthy and happy are given below.

The crickets will be housed at home during the project so students can care for them and observe them as they grow and develop. Suitable cricket containers should be light, unbreakable, have a lid, sit flat, and be transparent so the crickets can be easily observed. Students should bring their cricket containers to school no later than Monday, April 29th, 2014. The container that comes to school can be a temporary container to transport the crickets home if the crickets are being kept in a container too large to bring to school (an old aquarium, for example).

CRICKET CARE          

Crickets need a container that is large enough for them to move around freely and feel safe. Plastic containers work best. The container should be at least 4-6 inches high so the crickets don't jump out when the lid is removed. Do not use a container with fiber glass mesh or cloth sides because the crickets will eat right through it!

Crickets need a container that is dry, has fresh air, and is not too bright.  Poke lots of small holes in the lid of your container to let in fresh air.  Make sure there is nothing sticky inside the cage that crickets can get caught on or injured. 

Crickets like dark places. Cover one or more sides of your container with dark paper to make it darker inside.

Crickets need places to hide. They don’t feel safe out in the open.  Put crumpled paper, paper cups, or cardboard in the container for them to hide behind.

DO NOT PUT HEAVY OBJECTS IN THE CAGE THAT CAN MOVE AROUND WHEN THE CAGE IS MOVED.  THESE CAN INJURE THE CRICKETS.  GLUE CONTAINERS DOWN OR PUSH THEM INTO SOIL OR SAND SO THEY DON’T MOVE.

Crickets need water that they can safely use.  They can drown in deep water a sponge or something to soak up and hold water in a small lid.

Watch out for mold! Spilled water or too much moisture (or too little ventilation) in a cage can cause mold. Keep the cage dry and don't let mold get started.

Crickets need food!  Cereal, breadcrumbs, lettuce, small pieces of fruit are all good foods.  Be careful about things that might get moldy like fruit.  Dry foods like cereal work best.

Crickets like to dig in moist, packed sand or soil.  Females lay their eggs underground.  If you want to try to raise baby crickets you must put sand in the bottom of the container for the crickets to use. Keep the sand moist but not wet.

Crickets like peace and quiet!  Keep them away from loud noises.  The males will sing when they get older; the females don’t sing. 

How do you tell female from male crickets?  Female crickets have an ovipositor to lay their eggs.  This is a small tube that extends out of their abdomens.  Males don’t have these.  More information about cricket care can be found on this web site.

How to catch a cricket on the loose: Carefully cover the cricket with a clear cup or glass. Then slide a piece of paper or thin card under the glass. Be careful not to injure the cricket's legs when you do this. Hold the cup securely on the card and then turn it over. Now you can put the cricket back where it belongs!

Easy Origami Insect Videos

Online field guides to identify insects

  1. Bug identification site
  2. What's That Bug?

Most Useful General Insect Web Sites

  1. Amazing bugs of Thailand
  2. Amazing Insects
  3. Australian Insects
  4. Britannica for Kids: Insects
  5. Bug Bios
  6. BugFacts.net
  7. Bug Life
  8. Bugs of Thailand
  9. Earthlife.net
  10. EduWeb
  11. Entomology for beginners
  12. Franklin Institute: Insects Hotlist
  13. Insects in Britain
  14. Insect World
  15. Iowa State Entomology: Pictures
  16. KathiMitchel.com: 100's of insect links!
  17. Kids Connect: Encylopedias for everything
  18. Kids Info
  19. Many Insect Links (Russian Insects.com)
  20. Stinging Insects
  21. Virtual Insects
  22. Waynes Word
  23. What is an Insect?
  24. Wikipedia Insects

Cicadas

  1. 17 Year Cicadas
  2. Cicada Mania
  3. Great Cicada pictures
  4. Science News for Kids on Cicadas
  5. Map of 2007 17 year Cicadas
  6. Cicadas in Illinois
  7. Cicado.com
  8. Cicada slideshow
  9. Chicago Blog about Cicadas

Dragonflies

  1. Damsel Fly
  2. Dragonfly: A-Z
  3. Dragonflies
  4. EduWeb
  5. Beginners Dragonflies
  6. Waynes Word Dragonflies

Earwig

  1. Earwig: A-Z
  2. Earwigs
  3. Earwigs: Animal Planet
  4. Earwigs: Bug Facts

Fireflies

  1. Glow worms
  2. Glow worms video
  3. National Geographic Fireflies
  4. DNR Fireflies
  5. Ohio University Fireflies

Fleas

  1. Maine Fleas
  2. Ohio State Fleas

Flies

  1. Fly: A-Z
  2. KidzWorld Flies
  3. Secret Life of Fruitflies
  4. WaynesWord Flies

Mayfly

  1. Biokids: Mayflies
  2. Buglife: Mayflies
  3. Mayflies: A-Z
  4. Mayfly (UK)
  5. Wikipedia: Mayflies

Moths

  1. Moth: A-Z
  2. Britannica for Kids--Moths
  3. Bug Guide Moths
  4. Cecropia Moths
  5. How moths and butterflies are different
  6. Moths and Butterflies
  7. Moths of North America
  8. Silkworm moths
  9. TFR Moths

Praying Mantises

  1. Beardsley Zoo: Mantis
  2. Ducksters: Mantis
  3. University of Kentucky Mantis site
  4. How to care for praying mantis
  5. Iowa State: Mantis
  6. Gordon's Insect Site: Praying mantis
  7. Mantis: EduWeb
  8. Mantis Facts
  9. Mantis Heaven
  10. National Geographic Mantis
  11. Waynes Word Mantises

Stick Insects

  1. How To Care for Stick Insects
  2. Stick Insects of Australia
  3. Stick Insects (UK)

Termites

  1. BioKids' Termites
  2. Discovery--termites
  3. Don's Termites
  4. Encyclopedia for Kids--Termites
  5. NPR on Termites
  6. Pesky Termites
  7. Termite Queen
  8. WaynesWord Termites
Wasps
  1. Cicada Killer Wasp
  2. Wasps
  3. Wikipedia on Wasps
  4. What's That Bug (Wasp)
  5. Gordon's Solitary Wasps
  6. Gordon's Social Wasps
  7. WaynesWord Wasps

Water Bugs

  1. About Water Beetles
  2. Diving Beetles
  3. Giant Water bug
  4. Water Beetles
  5. WaynesWord Water Bugs
  6. Water Boatmen

 

INSECT RESEARCH PROJECT

LEARNING TEAM TIPS

Choose an insect that interests you and one that you can find information about.  Some insects are written about a lot (butterflies, ants, beetles), and some not so much (flies or water beetles). Choose a family of insects rather than a specific species.

 

When working with your learning team, make a plan, divide up the work, and help each other.  Some members can find good books or web sites for the insect, some can write about the facts you found, and some can work on drawings.  Work together as a team.

Always try to put things in your own words. Don’t copy information word-for-word from any book or web site unless absolutely necessary.

Always write down the name of the book or website where you found the information--the book title and author or the main title of web site.

Choose facts that show why this insect is interesting or unique. Good detail example:  “The stink bug uses a really bad-smelling chemical to protect itself from predators.”  Poor detail example:  “The stink bug has 6 legs.”

Pick the big ideas and the most important details about your insect.  Don’t right down everything, just the really important things.

Using the common name of the insect is okay, but you can also include the species (scientific) name if you want to.

Include one or more drawings of your insects.   Drawing an insect as if you were looking down on it is a good way to show the whole body and all the legs, wings, and antennae.

 

 

 

Insect Photos:

  1. EduPic: Insect pictures
  2. Mantises From Lab School Garden
  3. Other Hyde Park Insects
  4. Franklin Institute site on insects
  5. Iowa State Insect Photos site
  6. Ants and social insects

Insect Poetry

 

 

 

Antlion

Ants

Assassin Bugs

  1. Assassin and Ambush bugs
  2. Assassin Bugs: UC
  3. Britannica: Assassin Bugs
  4. EduWeb
  5. Assassin Bugs: Smithsonian
  6. Assassin Bugs: Texas
  7. Assassin Bugs: Thailand
  8. Wikipedia

Bees and Wasps

Beetles

Butterflies & Moths

  1. Field Museum Butterflies
  2. Monarch Butterflies
  3. North American Butterflies and moths
  4. Painted Lady Butterfly
  5. Puss Moth
  6. WaynesWord Butterflies

Caterpillars

  1. About Caterpillars

Cricket Links

  1. Bush Cricket
  2. Cricket Care
  3. Crickets
  4. Different Kinds of Crickets
  5. How To Raise Lots of Crickets
  6. Minnesota Crickets
  7. Singing Insects
  8. Singing Insects of North America
  9. Texas Cricket Songs

Cockroaches

  1. Coachroach: A-Z
  2. Cockroach pictures
  3. Madagascar Hissing Cockroaches

Grasshoppers

  1. Grasshoppers: A-Z
  2. Biokids Hoppers
  3. BugFacts Hoppers
  4. Reference for Kids

Ladybugs (beetles)

Mosquitoes

  1. AnimalTimes Mosquitoes
  2. BioKids Mosquitoes
  3. Mosquitoes are Flies
  4. Kids Mosquitoes
  5. Mosquito Anatomy
  6. NatGeo Mosquitoes
  7. What Good are mosquitoes?